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Constructive Dismissal For Employees

For Employees

In the realm of employment law, understanding constructive dismissal advice is crucial for employees in British Columbia. Wrongful dismissal claims can manifest in various forms, and one poorly understood aspect is constructive dismissal. This legal concept protects employees from unfair treatment in the workplace, and seeking constructive dismissal advice can be essential when facing certain prohibited actions by the employer. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the intricacies of constructive dismissal in BC, shedding light on what it entails and exploring typical examples of fundamental breaches that may lead to a constructive dismissal case.

What is Constructive Dismissal?

Constructive dismissal is a significant aspect of employment law in British Columbia. It occurs when an employer unilaterally changes a fundamental term of the employment contract, thereby breaching the agreement without consultation or mutual agreement with the employee. This breach can lead to serious consequences for both parties involved. For the employee, it can result in a sense of unfair treatment and may prompt them to consider resigning from their position. However, even if an employee resigns due to such changes, they may still hold the employer liable for wrongful dismissal, as constructive dismissal laws in BC protect their rights in such situations.



Understanding Fundamental Breaches

To comprehend constructive dismissal fully, it is essential to explore typical examples of fundamental breaches that may lead to a case. These examples include:

  1. Reduction in Salary, Commissions, Bonuses, Benefits: If an employee’s compensation is significantly reduced, particularly 10 percent or more of the base salary, it may qualify as a fundamental breach. The circumstances surrounding the reduction, such as prior disclosure, are critical factors to consider.
  2. Change of Job Title and Work Duties: Unilaterally altering an employee’s job title or work responsibilities can also lead to a constructive dismissal case. Determining whether such changes fundamentally alter the employment contract is a crucial assessment in these situations.
  3. Harassment in the Workplace: Constructive dismissal lawsuits are not limited to financial aspects. Harassment or bullying in the workplace can create a toxic work environment that erodes trust in the employment relationship. If an employee resigns due to such behavior and the employer failed to prevent it, a constructive dismissal claim may be pursued.

Constructive Dismissal Process

If you feel that you have been wronged in the workplace, it’s important to know your rights and potential next steps. Though unfavorable to you, you can choose to accept the new terms of employment. You can also start by starting a conversation with your employer about your concerns with new employment terms. It’s possible that this open dialogue can resolve the issue without having to go through a timely and costly mediation process.

Otherwise, you can make a formal complaint with the Department of Labour and an inspector will be assigned to your case. The inspector will consider the evidence and attempt to mediate the situation between you and your employer. If an agreement cannot be reached between you and the employer, then it will go to adjudication in a court setting. 

Seeking Constructive Dismissal Advice

If you find yourself in a situation that may qualify as constructive dismissal, seeking professional advice is essential. Acting promptly is crucial, as time plays a significant role in these cases. Delaying action or continuing to work under changed terms may imply implicit agreement, potentially weakening your claim. Therefore, consulting with experienced employment lawyers can help you understand your options and protect your rights.

The best advice regarding constructive dismissal is to always keep receipts. If you want to strengthen your case and ensure a favorable ruling, you need to have proper evidence. This means having your original employment contract, internal emails about changes in your role and anything else you can think of. Employment law exists to protect your rights, but if you don’t have convincing evidence to support your case, you’re at risk of walking out empty-handed.

 The Importance of Mitigation

In constructive dismissal cases, mitigating financial losses is also critical. As an employee facing potential job loss, taking reasonable steps to limit the harm caused by the employer’s actions is advisable. Seeking new employment promptly and minimizing the period without income can be essential in such circumstances. Additionally, if your employer offers an alternative position, consulting with legal experts can help you make informed decisions regarding your legal options.

Do You Have a Constructive Dismissal Case in BC?

If you believe you may have a constructive dismissal case in British Columbia, seeking professional advice is highly recommended. At Ascent Employment Law, we provide constructive dismissal advice tailored to your specific situation. Our experienced employment lawyers can offer a confidential consultation to assess your case and guide you through the process. We have extensive experience serving clients throughout BC, with the infrastructure to work with you virtually, regardless of your location. constructive dismissal in BC and taking timely action can protect your rights and help you seek fair compensation in these complex legal matters.

The right team, dedicated to your success